LING 504 · Reading Notes

Andrew Carnie, “Parts of Speech”

Carnie, Andrew. “Parts of Speech.” Syntax: A Generative Introduction. 2nd ed, Blackwell, 2013.  Summary: This book chapter highlights the core parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) and details ways that linguists can use distributional evidence to identify parts of speech. Keywords: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, distribution, morphological distribution, syntactic distribution Quotations: “The definitions for the various… Continue reading Andrew Carnie, “Parts of Speech”

Coursework Reflections · LING 504 · Musings

Prescriptive and Descriptive Grammar

Today’s linguistics class focused on the definition of grammar as a device that has an input/output that allows us to make sentences. We broke grammar down into prescriptive (grammar that results in ‘correct’ sentences) and descriptive (grammar that results in sentences patterns that are systematically practiced by groups of people). I want to use this space, however,… Continue reading Prescriptive and Descriptive Grammar

LING 504 · Reading Notes

Anne Lobeck, “Grammar and Our Knowledge of Language”

Lobeck, Anne. “Grammar and Our Knowledge of Language.” Discovering Grammar. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2000.  Summary: This introductory chapter breaks grammar down into multiple subcategories such as syntax, morphology, phonology, semantics, descriptive grammar, and prescriptive grammar. In addition to breaking each of those categories into smaller, study-able components, the author argues that we have an innate understanding of… Continue reading Anne Lobeck, “Grammar and Our Knowledge of Language”

Coursework Reflections · LING 504 · Musings

LING 504: Initial Thoughts About Language

Before I get too far into my Modern English Grammar linguistics class, I want to reflect briefly on the following questions: What is language (what is a language)?  How would you define language?  (How would you define a specific language, like English?)  I spent considerable time reflecting on this question the other day, documenting my thoughts… Continue reading LING 504: Initial Thoughts About Language